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        黃芩的生物學功能及其在水產養殖中的應用
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        王曉寧(1985-),男,水產工程師,研究方向為水產養殖及病害防治,E-mail:xiaoningboy@163.com

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        河北省現代農業產業技術體系專項(HBCT2023230405);河北省水產新品種引進及新技術養殖示范項目


        Biological function of scutellaria baicalensis and its application in aquaculture
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          摘要:

          在當前養殖戶普遍追求高密度水產養殖的背景下,濫用或違規使用化學漁藥已成為制約水產養殖業健康、綠色、可持續發展的關鍵因素之一,如何引導廣大養殖戶科學養殖、規范養殖是當前水產養殖推廣工作的核心。要做到這一點,需要廣大漁藥生產企業研發安全、綠色、低毒或無毒的新型漁藥來滿足養殖戶的需求。中草藥是中國的傳統瑰寶,取自天然的動植物,與化學漁藥相比具有來源廣泛、易于獲得、價格低廉、加工方便等特點,可以大大降低養殖成本。其中黃芩作為中國的傳統中草藥之一,具有清熱燥濕、瀉火解毒、止血、安胎的功效,廣泛應用在醫學領域。以黃芩為主要原料制備的商品化漁藥,包括大黃芩魚散、穿梅三黃散、大黃芩藍散等數種產品已批準使用的中藥材或中成藥,均已進入最新的獸藥典、獸藥質量標準或農業農村部公告中。這些商品化漁藥在魚病防治、抗應激、增強免疫力等方面有良好的應用前景。本研究總結了黃芩的相關基礎研究及其在水產養殖中的應用現狀,為今后黃芩在水產養殖中的合理開發和推廣應用提供理論參考。[中國漁業質量與標準,2023, 13(6):48-54]

          Abstract:

          In the current form of farmers generally pursue high-density aquaculture, the abuse or illegal use of chemical fish drugs has become one of the key factors restricting the healthy, green, and sustainable development of the aquaculture industry. How to guide the majority of farmers to scientifically and standardize aquaculture is the core work in the current promotion of aquaculture. To achieve this, it requires the majority of fishery drugs production enterprises to develop safe, green, low-toxicity, or non-toxic new fish drug to meet the needs of farmers. Chinese herbal medicine is a traditional treasure of China, extracted from natural animals and plants. Compared with chemical fish drugs, it has the characteristics of extensive sources, easy availability, low price, and convenient processing, etc., which can greatly reduce the cost of aquaculture. Among them, Scutcllana baicalensis, as one of the traditional Chinese herbal medicines in China, has the effects of clearing heat and dampness, purging fire and detoxifying, stopping bleeding and stabilizing the fetus, and is widely used in the medical field. The commercialized fishery drugs prepared with Scutcllana baicalensis as the main raw material, including dozens of kinds products such as Dahuangqinyu San, Chuanmei Sanhuang San, Dahuangqinlan San, and other Chinese herbal medicines or proprietary Chinese medicines that have been approved for use, have been included in the latest veterinary pharmacopeia, veterinary drug quality standards or announcements of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs. These commercial fishery drugs have good application prospects in fish diseases prevention, anti-stress, and immunity enhancement. This study summarizes the basic research on Scutellaria baicalensis and its application in aquaculture, providing a theoretical reference for the rational development and popularization of Scutcllana baicalensis in aquaculture in the future. [Chinese Fishery Quality and Standards, 2023, 13(6): 48-54]

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        引用本文

        王曉寧,郭少華,孫彩娟,等.黃芩的生物學功能及其在水產養殖中的應用[J].中國漁業質量與標準,2023,(6):48-54. WANG Xiaoning, GUO Shaohua, SUN Caijuan, et al. Biological function of scutellaria baicalensis and its application in aquaculture[J]. Chinese Fishery Quality and Standards,2023,(6):48-54.

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        • 收稿日期:2023-08-21
        • 最后修改日期:2023-11-03
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        • 在線發布日期: 2024-02-01

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